北京时时彩每天开奖号码

您好,歡迎訪問新航道官網雅思頻道!我們更懂雅思!

在線咨詢

雅思 (IELTS)

雅思官方白金級合作伙伴

2019新航道春季班

您當前的位置 ? 新航道官網 ? 雅思 ? 雅思寫作 ? 文章正文

雅思大作文7+必須要知道的策略!

2019-03-20 14:39     供稿單位: 新航道     原創作者:沈一亭    

出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

  中國古人做文章,講求“鳳頭、豬肚、豹尾”。也就是說,開頭要華麗,中斷行文要有料,結尾要簡潔有力。


  在雅思教學過程中,我遇到的學生存在的問題不盡相同,有的下筆艱澀,大作文首段落可以磨蹭十分鐘;有的主體段落找不到寫作素材,全憑題目所給的關鍵詞來回重復湊滿兩段……


  但其實這些作為雅思議論文教學的難點,同學們通常更重視,所以我們今天的內容是同學們平時容易忽略的:一篇essay 如何“收”?



  雅思大作文收尾策略分析

  策略一:歸納觀點或重申觀點  

  話題:(2019年2月16日雅思大作文真題)

  Nowadays, children spend a lot of time watching TV and playing computer games. Some people believe this has negative effects on children's mental abilities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


  參考范文結尾段:

  To sum up, watching TV or playing computer games, like many things, can be both helpful and harmful to children.The issue, then, is not whether children should be allowed to watch TV or play computer games, but how parents should monitor their children’s screen hours. (范文出處:九分達人作者唐偉勝老師)


  結尾一般寫2-3句話,有一句必為觀點句。有的學生習慣開門見山,第一段就闡明觀點,那么最后一段需要重申觀點,需要注意與第一段的觀點做到句型結構和關鍵詞匯的區別,而不是簡單的重復。


  唐老師在此范文的首段落亮明觀點的句式為:

  What effects do watching TV and playing computer games have on children’s mental abilities? The answer to this question, to my mind, is that there are potential dangers as well as benefits.


  可以明顯看出,第一段和最后一段觀點匹配,但是不存在用詞和句式上的雷同。


  至于想拿更好成績的同學,就要關注此結尾段的第二個句子。從技巧性來說,第二個句子就符合7+作文的評分標準。首先作者運用了比較結構not … but …,這對于題目中所給的關鍵詞做了概念辨析,這是很多同學在實際寫作過程中忽略的。


  “單純”的考生更喜歡從自己支持的角度,努力去說服考官他的視角多么正確、多么重要,而從實際說服效果來說,與其他對象的比較分析更容易讓讀者自己得出結論,這個讓讀者參與思考的過程才是考場老油子的體現。


微信圖片_20190320143704.jpg


  策略二:概括主體段素材點,加深考官印象

  話題:(胡敏雅思寫作第七代教材)

  Convenience foods will become increasingly prevalent and eventually replace traditional foods and traditional methods of food preparation. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?


  參考范文結尾段:

  In spite of the utility of convenience foods, people are unlikely to abandon practices that are economically sound and give them great pleasure. It is hard to imagine a world in which people do not continue to enjoy traditional, home-cooked meals at least some of the time.


  來看主體段落部分提到的素材點:

  …

  However, the growing popularity of television cookery programmes, celebrity chefs, and cook books suggest that people continue to value traditional ways of preparing foods. Fresh locally-produced food continues to be the norm in many parts of the world. In fact, they are growing in popularity in countries such as the UK, where they had virtually disappeared from many cities. This may be partly because cooking with basic, natural ingredients is cheaper than buying processed foods.


  Moreover, traditional foods are an important aspect of culture and social life. In many countries, traditional meals continue to be shared in regular family gatherings. Important celebrations, such as weddings and Chinese New Year, are marked by traditionally-prepared feasts.

  …


  結尾段提到的經濟實惠和給人愉悅感,在主體段落中體現為傳統食物比加工食品更便宜,以及重要的慶祝和家庭聚會都會選傳統食物。這就屬于范文的嚴密性,實現各個段落有機結合,不遺余力地強化考官對本文觀點和素材的印象。


  策略三:觀點+建議/展望  

  話題:(2019年2月23日雅思大作文真題)

  Some people say that too much money and time are spent on protecting wild animals. Wild animals have no place in the 21st century, so protecting them is a waste of resources. So, such resources should be better spent on human population. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


  參考范文結尾段:

  In conclusion, far from having no connection to our survival, wild animals are the very precondition for our existence on this planet. We certainly need to take care of our own problems, yet if all wild animals perish, we human beings will perish as well.


  這個話題需要學生分析要不要花錢保護野生動物。雅思考試不需要考生提出驚世駭俗的三觀,學生的基本觀點大多為野生動物值得花錢去保護。在結尾第一句提出觀點之后,第二句就從人類存亡的方面,給出了自己的預期。建議或展望,屬于考生相對比較拿手的思維套路尤其對于寫作思路還比較欠缺的同學有較強的可操作性。


  除了以上三種段落思維結構策略,還有一個建議是在結尾段使用一定的特殊句型,人為的制造一個“高潮”,給考官制造小驚喜,提升他對考生作文所使用技巧的上限。當然,前提時所使用的句型熟練掌握,不然,驚喜變成驚嚇,就得不償失了。


  例如,劍11第3套題話題:

  Some people say that the only reason for learning a foreign language is in order to travel to or work in a foreign country. Others say that these are not the only reasons why someone should learn a foreign language. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.



  官方給的7分范文如下:

  Many may say, and I agree, that today’s society has almost erased all its borders and soon will become limitless in what concerns traveling for both work and pleasure. Therefore, if this is to happen, then learning a new language is necessary.


  Nowadays, learning a new language for the purpose of working in other countries seems to become more and more popular. Adults in need of money or, why not, recognition are trying to pursue their happiness far away from home. Also, the days of employers looking only for capable people have gone. It seems that today’s employers are looking not only for multi-skilled employees, but they also want people who know more than their mother tongue. Sooner or later, those who omitted learning more are prone to become jobless.


  However, to my mind, a new language should not be learned just for traveling or working in a foreign country. A foreign language should help the learner broaden his mind. By this I mean that the new language should and will allow users to understand more about the world itself, and maybe our ancestors’ ways of thinking and acting. Needless to say, knowing another language will help us when it comes to understanding the human race, because language is the first poem of a country.


  All of this being said, I believe that learning a different language should be not only for satisfying our physical needs, like money, but also our moral needs, because never before had such a big thirst for knowledge been displayed. (C11 TEST 3  a Band 7 score)


  大家可以看到總結段除了表達觀點,使用了一個特殊句型-倒裝句,because 后面的從句中,采用了never before+助動詞+主語+其他成分的結構。自然而然,考官就會眼前一亮,整個總結段因為這個句型而更出彩。


  在屠鴨過程中,有思路有技巧可以提升學習效率,更好的把握考試評分標準和考官心理變化。希望以上幾種寫結尾段的策略能給同學們實實在在的幫助,早日刷到滿意的寫作成績。


分享到:
新航道,英語成功之道。第一時間獲取新航道英語學習資料和新鮮資訊,請在微信公眾賬號中搜索「新航道英語」或者「xhdenglish」,或用手機掃描左方二維碼,即可獲得新航道每日精華內容推送和最新英語學習經驗分享,并參與新航道舉辦的各項活動。
責編:梁曦丹
北京时时彩每天开奖号码