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3月14日雅思大作文真題參考范文

2019-03-18 17:40     供稿單位: 新航道     原創作者:唐偉勝    

出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

  每場雅思考試之后,第一時間分享本場考試雅思A類大作文的范文權威解析。歡迎每周鎖定。

  

  2019年3月14日


  雅思大作文題目

  為什么報紙影響力那么大?

  “Newspapers have an enormous influence on people’s opinions. Why is it the case? Do you think it is a positive or negative situation? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. ”

 

  解析&審題

  本題是關于媒介的,以前很多考題涉及因特網如何取代傳統媒體,而本次考題則要求論述傳統媒體--報紙為什么對讀者有那么大的影響力。

  我們可以先承認報紙的讀者面在逐漸下降,然后轉折回來說其影響力依然巨大:其原因在于人們通常認為報紙是最嚴肅的媒體,而其他媒體如電視和網絡更多是娛樂的媒體。由此我們可以展開論證報紙對大眾觀點的形成具有重大影響力。

  至于這種影響力是好還是壞,顯然應該具體情況具體討論:如果報紙傳播的是好的東西,那么其巨大的影響力就是一件好事;若報紙傳播的是偏見或錯誤的東西,那么其影響力就會變成一種壞事。因此報紙的影響力是好還是壞,取決于報紙內容是正確還是錯誤。

  各位烤鴨,你是怎么寫的呢?以下請看唐老師的高分范文。


  老師筆記

  01

  Even though gradually being eclipsed by TV, radio, and more recently the Internet, newspapers are still the dominant source of information for most people, especially in the political and business landscape, and likely to remain in that position for some time to come. This is mainly because newspapers are traditionally thought of as the most serious news channel compared with TV, radio, and the Internet, which are often treated as media of entertainment. Newspapers are generally believed to supply more reliable and balanced information on which many readers form opinions. In a wider mass media system, nothing can beat newspapers in shaping the desires, wants, and thinking of the majority of people. That is why anybody who says that they can predict the death of print journalism may be either a liar or a fool.

  盡管報紙逐漸被電視、廣播和最近的互聯網所取代,但對大多數人來說,報紙仍然是主要的信息來源,尤其是在政治和商業領域,可能會在未來的一段時間內保持這種狀態。這主要是因為,與電視、廣播和網絡相比,傳統上大家認為報紙是最嚴肅的新聞渠道,而后者通常被視為娛樂媒體。人們普遍認為,報紙提供了更可靠和更平衡的信息,許多讀者根據這些消息對此形成意見。在更廣泛的大眾媒體系統中,沒有什么比報紙更能塑造大多數人的欲望、需求和思想了。這就是為什么如果任何人說他們可以預測印刷業即將死亡,那他不是騙子就是傻瓜。


  解析

  (1)本段討論為什么報紙具有那么大的影響力:傳統上認為報紙是嚴肅的媒體,提供了更可靠和全面的信息,因此對人們形成意見影響巨大。

  (2)To be eclipsed by... 被......遮住光芒

  (3)Dominant 主要的

  (4)Landscape 風景;景觀;領域

  (5)To be thought of as... 被認為是......

  (6)Media of entertainment 娛樂媒體

  (7)Balanced 均衡的;全面的




  02

  The impact of newspapers on public opinion could be good, bad orsomewhere in between. To begin with, effects are not the same from one country to the next, or even from one person to the next. The good part is that, since newspapers exercise so vast a power, and the great body of readers take the print stuff seriously, so the influence goes a long way. The bad part is that a number of newspapers are biased due to pressure from owners and investors who intend to make more and more money, which is likely to threaten the independence of some newspapers. In this case, much of what appears in the editorials and comments might be propaganda in politics and businesses.

  報紙對公眾輿論的影響可能是好的,也可能是壞的,或者介于兩者之間。首先,報紙影響國與國不一樣,甚至個人之間也是不一樣的。好的方面是,既然報紙行使如此巨大的權力,廣大讀者對印刷品的重視程度很高,所以(好的東西)可以廣為傳播。不好的方面是,很多報紙由于受想賺更多錢的業主和投資者的壓力而變得不公正,這可能會威脅到一些報紙的獨立性。在這種情況下,出現在社論和評論欄中很多東西可能都是政治和商業宣傳。

  解析

  (1) 本段討論報紙對人們影響巨大的好處和壞處:好處是好的東西可以傳播很遠;壞處是有些報紙是不公正的。

  (2) Impact 沖擊力,影響

  (3) Somewhere in between 介于兩者之間

  (4) Exercise vast power on... 對......產生巨大的影響

  (5) Take...seriously 認真對待......

  (6) Threaten 威脅

  (7) Propaganda 宣傳



  03

  To sum up, the role newspapers play in the modern society is unique when it comes to having the power to influence people’s opinions. To what extent that influence is positive or negative may depend on whether a newspaper is independent or biased.

  綜上所述,報紙在現代社會中所扮演的角色,在影響人們意見的力量方面是獨一無二的。這種影響在多大程度上是積極的還是消極的,可能取決于關于報紙是獨立的還是有偏見的。

  解析

  (1) 本段是結論:首先總結報紙的影響力,然后提出是好是壞取決于報紙的好壞。

  (2) Unique 獨一無二的

  (3) To what extent 在何種程度上


  7分范文

  Even though gradually being eclipsed by TV, radio, and more recently the Internet, newspapers are still the dominant source of information for most people, especially in the political and business landscape, and likely to remain in that position for some time to come. This is mainly because newspapers are traditionally thought of as the most serious news channel compared with TV, radio, and the Internet, which are often treated as media of entertainment. Newspapers are generally believed to supply more reliable and balanced information on which many readers form opinions.     In a wider mass media system, nothing can beat newspapers in shaping the desires, wants, and thinking of the majority of people. That is why anybody who says that they can predict the death of print journalism may be either a liar or a fool.

  The impact of newspapers on public opinion could be good, bad or somewhere in between. To begin with, effects are not the same from one country to the next, or even from one person to the next. The good part is that, since newspapers exercise so vast a power, and the great body of readers take the print stuff seriously, so the influence goes a long way. The bad part is that a number of newspapers are biased due to pressure from owners and investors who intend to make more and more money, which is likely to threaten the independence of some newspapers. In this case, much of what appears in the editorials and comments might be propaganda in politics and businesses.

  To sum up, the role newspapers play in the modern society is unique when it comes to having the power to influence people’s opinions. To what extent that influence is positive or negative may depend on whether a newspaper is independent or biased.

  (302 words)



  建議背誦的句子

  1. Even though gradually being eclipsed by TV, radio, and more recently the Internet, newspapers are still the dominant source of information for most people, especially in the political and business landscape, and likely to remain in that position for some time to come.

  盡管報紙逐漸被電視、廣播和最近的互聯網所取代,但對大多數人來說,報紙仍然是主要的信息來源,尤其是在政治和商業領域,可能會在未來的一段時間內保持這種狀態。


  2. This is mainly because newspapers are traditionally thought of as the most serious news channel compared with TV, radio, and the Internet, which are often treated as media of entertainment.

  這主要是因為,與電視、廣播和網絡相比,傳統上大家認為報紙是最嚴肅的新聞渠道,而后者通常被視為娛樂媒體。


  3. That is why anybody who says that they can predict the death of print journalism may be either a liar or a fool.

  這就是為什么如果任何人說他們可以預測印刷業即將死亡,那他不是騙子就是傻瓜。


  4. The bad part is that a number of newspapers are biased due to pressure from owners and investors who intend to make more and more money, which is likely to threaten the independence of some newspapers.

  不好的方面是,很多報紙由于受想賺更多錢的業主和投資者的壓力而變得不公正,這可能會威脅到一些報紙的獨立性。


  5. To what extent that influence is positive or negative may depend on whether a newspaper is independent or biased.

  這種影響在多大程度上是積極的還是消極的,可能取決于關于報紙是獨立的還是有偏見的。


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